The Simple Math of Climate Change

Global warming & climate change is a simple balance between the increase in greenhouse gas emissions and the ability of natural processes to absorb them.

Global Temperature Change = Green House Gas Emissions - ( Natural Plant Life - Agricultural Land Use )

  • As Quantity of Green House Gases increases, global temperatures rise.

  • As Natural Plant Life increases, CO2 is absorbed and global warming decreases.

  • As Agricultural Land Use increases at the expense of Natural Plant Life, less CO2 is absorbed and global temperatures increase.

Increases in CO2 in the atmosphere help promote plant life growth to quickly absorb excess CO2 and return our planet’s climate into balance. As agricultural land use expands, natural pant life areas are converted into agricultural land through the destruction of natural vegetation.

Agricultural land takes up about 37% of earth’s surface. Since growing seasons last only a few months and crops are harvested just at the peak of their CO2 absorption capabilities, agricultural land absorbs CO2 only a small part of each year. This simple fact creates a large decrease in CO2 absorption capability compared to land with natural vegetation which absorbs CO2 year round.

While the contribution of agricultural equipment to CO2 and equivalent emissions is currently less than 10% of the total worldwide CO2 emissions (see chart), its contribution to the reduction of natural vegetation has not been accounted for.

Since 1960, both green house emissions and reduction in natural plant life due to expansion of agricultural land are both upsetting the energy balance of our ecosystems in the direction of global warming as shown below:

Can Precision Agriculture solve global warming?

Precision agriculture has been around for years, though no one knew how to name it. Since the invention of the personal weather station with a tipping-bucket rain gauge by RainWise Inc, farmers have had access to somewhat accurate local meteorological data, yet not many knew how to take full advantage of it. With the advances in computing power, agricultural equipment and data processing techniques, higher precision data becomes more valuable to take full advantage of the possible increases in farming efficiency. This, in combination with the looming Internet-of-Things technological revolution, has lead to the reinvention of the personal weather station as a professional quality instrument by BARANI DESIGN Technologies. Its MeteoHelix micro-weather stations are able to produce meteorological data of higher quality than most current climatological networks (3), in excess of World Meteorological Organization requirements, for a fraction of the price of the most popular RainWise and Davis personal weather stations.

Since farming is highly dependent on weather, farming decision making is dependent on good meteorological data quality. New farming efficiency gains through high-quality meteorological and soil data can significantly increase crop yields. If sensor and data affordability is maintained not at the expense of data quality with the goal of reversing global warning, as with the MeteoHelix weather stations, increases in crop yields will allow for a reduction in global agricultural land use. Reduction in global agricultural land use leading to expansion of natural vegetation areas will offset higher CO2 emissions even while our world population and emissions expand. The climate change equation will be moved closer to balance again.

Africa and the Internet of Things Revolution

Many meteorological networks in Africa are not recording accurate data. However, accuracy can be improved and maintenance costs reduced with the application of new IoT technologies. This can lead to positive impacts on agricultural output and disaster prevention.

Find out more in “Join the IoT Revolution” article on page 43 of the Hydromet AFRICA ExpoGuide as published by Varysian.

Read practical know-how based on the 10+ years of experience in the meteorological industry of Jan Barani, who is the designer of the MeteoHelix IoT Pro micro-weather stations.

Find out what is the ideal IoT weather station for a meteorological network

  • Would an ideal low-cost WMO-compliant weather station look like the MeteoHelix?

  • Can network service and maintenance be optimized with measurement traceability in mind?

Find out what is a vandalism-tolerant meteorological network

  • Is a high-density meteorological network based on affordable micro weather stations inherently vandalism-proof.

  • How does higher data density affect vandalism tolerance?

  • Can redundancy be affordably created using IoT technologies while increasing network reliability.

  • Does a micro weather station designed to prevent data access to thieves and with minimal resale or recyclable material value already exist?

“ Join the IoT Revolution ” article taken from the  Hydromet AFRICA ExpoGuide  as published by  Varysian .

Join the IoT Revolution” article taken from the Hydromet AFRICA ExpoGuide as published by Varysian.

MeteoHelix at TECHAGRO 2018 as part of SURVIA's precision agriculture solution

MeteoHelix micro-weather station will be displayed as part of the SURVIA technological portfolio for precision agriculture featuring drone and field scanning technologies. "We are very pleased to partner with SURVIA s.r.o. and to offer our precision micro-climate measurement solution as part of their portfolio" noted Jan Barani, CTO of BARANI DESIGN Technologies. The patented helical design of the weather station solar shield enables this helical weather station to achieve professional quality measurement at a fraction of the cost of competing technologies. 

MeteoHelix-IoT-Pro-agro-field.jpg

While SURVIA's technological and service portfolio is extensive and ranges from Geodesy to 2D & 3D mapping to precision agriculture, the BARANI DESIGN MeteoHelix in the words of SURVIA CEO Viktor Setnicky is a big step forward in the availability of quality meteorological data. For a professional weather station, the "MeteoHelix is a big leap forward in affordability and will enable our customers to monitor each field's micro-climate with the precision never before possible". This level of meteorological detail in combination with satellite imagery and drone scanning technologies enables our partners' agronomists to minimize the use of pesticides and fertilizer, for a more natural, healthier and even crop yield. 

In viticulture, this type of meteorological precision is not only nice to have, it is a necessity. Climate change is a hard reality for wine growers. Not only can extreme weather damage grapes, the extreme fluctuations of temperature and humidity are causing unpredictable frost and more frequent infection risks, resulting in increased uses of chemical agents for plant disease and mold prevention.