Differences in recording minimum and maximum temperatures with the MeteoHelix and Davis weather stations

QUESTION: Will the temperature peak between two data samples be recorded? Davis, sends data every 5 minutes and shows the minimum, maximum and average temperature with sampling every 2.5 seconds, then on a total of 120 samples.

Screenshot from the Sensirion SHT3x temperature/humidity sensor datasheet.   SENSIRION SHT30, SHT31, SHT35 datasheet link

Screenshot from the Sensirion SHT3x temperature/humidity sensor datasheet.
SENSIRION SHT30, SHT31, SHT35 datasheet link

ANSWER: The sampling time of the newest MeteoHelix weather stations is 15 seconds. MeteoHelix sends the following data every 10 minutes. Output description follows along with the open source JavaScript decoder code link: https://www.baranidesign.com/meteohelix-message-decoder

Battery, 10 min Temperature, Temperature_min, Temperature_max, 10 min Humidity, 10 min Pressure, 10 min Sun Irradiation, Solar_max, 10 min Rain amount. (All measurements are taken every 15 seconds except for rain which is a cumulative time independent counter.)


As you can see, the output includes: 10 minute average temperature and minimum and maximum temperature values over the 10 minutes as measured every 15 seconds. 10 minute solar irradiation average and Max irradiation value along with humidity, atmospheric pressure and rain.

Yes, the Davis weather stations sample every 2.5 seconds, yet the τ63% reaction time of their Sensirion SHT sensor and passive radiation shield is much slower than 2.5 seconds (we do not have detailed data on the 7714 shield, but know what the Sensirion time constant is, as shown in this picture from their datasheet). Additionally, the 7714 shield has slower reaction time than MeteoShield Pro to temperature changes. What we do know so far from independent studies is that the helical MeteoShield Pro has the fastest reaction time of any passive radiation shield. After taking the aforementioned information together, one can conclude that the 15sec measurement interval for temperature and humidity is more than fast enough as these atmospheric physical properties change much more slowly than wind speed for example, due to the above factors.

One must also take into account the time constant of the filter cap used on the sensor, the sensor itself and its thermal mass and the radiation shield time constant. They all add up to a reaction time greater than 30 seconds for 99% of all outdoor meteorological sensors that have decent long-term stability and protection. In many situations, the effects of morning dew, rain, drizzle and snow have a significantly higher impact on accuracy as can be seen in fan-ventilated (aspirated) active solar shields which tend to provide unrealistically low temperature readings and unrealistically high humidity readings in these conditions by drawing in moisture and saturating the temperature and humidity sensors.

* τ63% response time of sensor with a filter cap will vary based on cap porosity, material and fluid (air) flow. In applications where sensors are used in wet, dirty and dusty environments, we recommend regular inspection of filter cap cleanliness to maintain long term accuracy. Inspection interval should be determined by the application and user experience in their application environment.